Celts to the Crèche
St. Cuthbert of Lindisfarne
c634-March 20, 687 AD
On this 6th day of our Advent pilgrimage with the Celts to the Crèche, we join St. Cuthbert who was the much loved 7thc. Bishop of Lindisfarne. He is also known as the patron saint of Northern England. Cuthbert’s life was filled with gentle strength, wisdom, skillful speaking, prayerful life, and devotion to Christ. His body was lovingly and devotedly carried all over northeastern England by the Lindisfarne monks to protect his body from the Vikings. He is buried in Durham Cathedral where thousands of visitors come annually to visit his shrine. The stunning 8thc. Lindisfarne Gospels were made in his honor. We can still the items that were in Cuthbert’s casket in the Treasures of St. Cuthbert exhibit at Durham Cathedral.
You may desire to continue reading about Cuthbert or to go on down the page to the Meditation for the day.
Early Life: Cuthbert grew up in southern Scotland, near Melrose Abbey. It is said that on the night that St. Aidan (day 1 of Celts to the Crèche) of Lindisfarne died, that Cuthbert saw a vision of Aidan’s body being carried to heaven which led him to sense a call to become a monk.
His calling: Soon after that vision, Cuthbert became a monk and entered Melrose Abbey under the direction of its prior Boisil whom Cuthbert admired.1 In the late 650’s, he and his Abbot Eata transferred to Ripon Abbey and they then returned to Melrose where Boisil died of the plague about 664. About 665-700 Cuthbert went to Lindisfarne as Abbot.
After the Synod of Whitby in 664 AD, Cuthbert helped transition Lindisfarne from the Celtic to the Roman way. While serving as Abbot, he would often sense the need for solitude to renew his spirit and would take a little boat several miles away to one of the isolated Farne Islands. It is interesting that he would not visit with anyone who came to see him while there.
He might open the window to speak with someone who showed up, but when the Abbess of Whitby, Ælfflæd, (Day 29 of Celts to the Crèche), who was the second abbess of Whitby and succeeded Abbess Hilda wanted to meet with Cuthbert, he left his little cell and met her at the Isle of Coquet.
Bishop of Lindisfarne: Cuthbert retired in 676 to permanently live on the Isle of Inner Farne as a hermit.
King Ecgfrith and a band of other leaders actually rode a boat out to the Inner Farne to Cuthbert’s hermitage to call (more like beg!) him out of retirement to become the Bishop of Lindisfarne.
Cuthbert reluctantly accepted this call and was ordained by Archbishop Theodore and six bishops at York on Easter Sunday, March 26, 685, but less than two years later at Christmas he decided he had enough of a good time and moved back to his little hermitage on the Inner Farne.
Place of Resurrection: Cuthbert predicted his own death and he died on the Inner Farne on March 20, 687. He was buried at Lindisfarne, but to protect his remains from the Viking onslaught to the area in the mid-800’s, his sarcophagus was carried by the monks of Lindisfarne throughout Northumbria.
In 883AD, his body rested at the church of St. Mary and St. Cuthbert at Chester-le-Street for a long while, but Cuthbert’s final resting place was Durham Cathedral, where his body still remains. His burial is intriguing. It is said that when his sarcophagus was opened eleven years after he died that his body was incorrupt. He looked like he was asleep and his limbs were still flexible. His vestments still looked new.
In 1104, Cuthbert’s tomb was opened once again and a small book of the Gospel of John, measuring only three-and-a-half by five inches, now known as the St. Cuthbert Gospel, was incredibly found! Even the original goat leather with raised Celtic design on the red bookbinding was still intact.
Formerly known as the Stonyhurst Gospel, it was purchased in April 2012 by the British Library for $14.3 million (9 million British Pounds).2 It is available to view online through the St. John’s Gospel of St. Cuthbert at the British Library.
Also found in Cuthbert’s casket was a set of early 10th century vestments placed by King Æthlestan while on a pilgrimage to Cuthbert’s shrine at Chester-le-Street. These vestments were made of Byzantine silk with a stole decorated with Anglo-Saxon embroidery. Also, in his coffin, a stunning gold, garnet, and shell pectoral cross was found on his body. In addition, Cuthbert’s personal portable altar table covered in silver was discovered in his coffin. It is recorded that also an ivory comb, scissors, and a chalice made of onyx with a gold lion was in the coffin.
Cuthbert’s very simple wooden coffin carved with primitive looking angels along with some of the coffin relics can be viewed in the well conceived and produced Treasures of St. Cuthbert in Durham Cathedral. It is recorded that at the Dissolution of the Monasteries that Durham Priory was dissolved about 1539/1540 and the gold, silver, and gemstone shrine of Cuthbert in the Cathedral was torn asunder by a goldsmith and others sent to plunder by Henry VIII. One cannot help but wonder if Cuthbert was relieved that his ostentatious shrine was now gone.
We know of St. Cuthbert through The Venerable Bede’s Life and Miracles of St. Cuthbert of Lindisfarne written in verse after 705 which he later revised and a prose life that was composed between 710 and 720AD.3 Bede’s works on Cuthbert were likely composed based upon an original Life of Cuthbert by an anonymous monk at Lindisfarne that Abbot Eadfrith commissioned in honor of Cuthbert’s life. 4
Lindisfarne Gospels: The Lindisfarne Gospels were likely produced in honor of St. Cuthbert by a monk named Eadfrith, who became Bishop of Lindisfarne (see day 7 of Celts to the Crèche) in 698 and died in 721. Eadrith designed, illuminated, and penned the Lindisfarne Gospels. Current scholarship indicates a date around 715-721 for the production of the Lindisfarne Gospels. However, some think that Eadfrith produced them prior to 698, in order to commemorate the elevation of Cuthbert’s relics in that year.
The original Lindisfarne Gospels is housed in the British Library as one of their most treasured pieces. The Lindisfarne Gospels are available for viewing online from the British Library. The pages of this remarkable book can be viewed page by page.
Still popular in the 20th and 21st Centuries: In 1987, on the anniversary of Cuthbert’s Resurrection Day in 687 the magnificent early 8th century Anglo-Saxon illuminated Lindisfarne Gospels was displayed in Durham Cathedral. This sacred gospel book was most poignantly laid upon Cuthbert’s shrine for a short while.5
In 2013, Durham Cathedral once again hosted the Lindisfarne Gospels on loan from the British Library and of course the much loved St. Cuthbert was at the forefront of these festivities. The Lindisfarne Gospels are permanently kept at the British Library and are magnificent to behold.
St. Cuthbert’s Way, a beautiful 62 mile hike from Melrose Abbey in Southern Scotland to Lindisfarne is a popular walking path through the hilly terrain of the Scottish borders.
Pilgrims from all over the world flock to Durham Cathedral, Lindisfarne, Melrose Abbey, and the Inner Farne to be in the presence of the places where this gentle wise Celtic Bishop lived. He still touches lives 1300 years later.
In June 2017, archaeologists digging on a rocky promontory on Lindisfarne discovered the ancient stone foundation likely resting on the original wooden foundation of either Aidan’s or Cuthbert’s church.This archaeological dig through Dig Ventures on the church was ongoing in the summer of 2018 and Dig Ventures continues to dig on Lindisfarne.
Treasures of St. Cuthbert. Durham Cathedral. In late summer of 2017, a wonderful multi-million British pound Treasures of St. Cuthbert exhibition of the 1300 year old wooden sarcophagus of Cuthbert opened in the former monks kitchen in Durham Cathedral. One can view some of the relics found in his oak sarcophagus mentioned earlier in this post like his gorgeous gold and red pectoral cross, ivory comb, portable altar, along with later silk vestments. There is also a wonderful display of carved stone Celtic and Anglo-Saxon crosses.
Feast Day March 20
Here on this first week of Celtic Advent, 2022, as we are beginning to find our way back to some pre-quarantine normality, yet we discover that the long quarantine has taken a toll on us physically, mentally, emotionally, and spiritually. Many churches and businesses are still struggling. Some of us discovered that we are social folks more than we thought as we have sorely missed the physical presence of family and friends. Some of us like Cuthbert have decided we could wistfully live on a small isle like Lindisfarne in a monastery with a few friends and animals to keep us company for many years to come. Some of us have taken intrepid steps outside our homes into stores, airports, and churches without a mask only to discover that covid is still very real.
Pre-Covid, Cuthbert might have said to us on this 6th day of journeying with the Celts to the Crèche, in the midst of this usually overwhelmingly busy and sometimes crazy Advent season, seek some solitude. Yet, perhaps, you feel that you have had too much solitude the past two years. It has been a lonely time for many, especially for extroverts or those who are single and live alone. As we begin to see some proverbial light that this season of quarantine is declining, be considering how you might make a sacred place that can be your personal “Isle of Inner Farne.” As we are getting some glimpses of packed airports and stores once again, it may not be too long before we may even wistfully look back at those quiet, quarantine times of renewal in our homes that had a sense of our own personal isles of Lindisfarne.
Prayer: O Spirit of the Living God, remind me to rest, to find some sacred quiet in Your presence. Amen.
1 Blackwell Encyclopaedia, 131.
2 British Library Press. British Library Acquires the St. Cuthbert’s Gospel.
3 Bonner, 24.
4 Brown, Lindisfarne Gospels, 65.
5 Ibid, 139.
© Brenda G. Warren and http://www.saintsbridge.org, 2018-2029. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this site’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Brenda G. Warren and http://www.saintsbridge.org (Celts to the Creche) with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.
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