Celts to the Creche: Day 24
Abbess Heiu of Tadcaster
On our 24th day of our journey with the Celts to the Creche, we meet Abbess Heiu that might be a new saint to some of us. Heiu was a 7th-century Abbess who was the founder of abbeys at Hartlepool and likely at Healaugh in North Yorkshire in England. She is the first known Abbess of a double monastery (men and women in the same monastery) in England and the first woman in Northumbria to receive the nun’s habit. She is sometimes mixed up with Bega of St. Bees in Cumbria and Begu the nun at Hackness, but it is most likely that they are three different women.
Nothing is known of Heiu’s early life. We do not know if she was from Ireland or had been raised in England. We learn of her from Bede in his Ecclesiastical History of the English People, iv.23.
Abbess of Hartlepool. Bede records that Aidan (see Day 1 of Celts to the Creche ) of Lindisfarne appointed Heiu as Abbess of Hartlepool (originally called Heretu) Abbey about 640. Double monasteries were of the Irish/Celtic tradition, so likely this monastery had that heritage. In all probability when the double monastery was founded, the peninsula of Hartlepool was uninhabited and covered with thick forest, but here as elsewhere the presence of a monastery would cause a settlement to be made. The location on a promontory overlooking a bay would be advantageous not only for trade, but also for fishing.
Hereteu means “Stags island,” but it also could have been named after Heiu. The name Hartlepool means “Stags by the sea.”
Bede says that Heiu retired and that Hilda (see day 2 of Celts to the Creche) was then appointed by Aidan as the second Abbess of Hartlepool. Heiu retired to an area 10 miles southwest of York called Calcaria in Latin and Bede also relays the information that the English call it Kaelcacaestir. Calcaria means lime, so there must have been limestone mining there. This is likely the town of Tadcaster.
Abbess of Healaugh. Some believe that Heiu was also the founding abbess of a monastery or hermitage three miles northeast of Tadcaster, at Healaugh. The name likely originally was Heiusleg, meaning “Heiu’s territory.” As often happened, during the Norman times, a priory was built at Healaugh, likely over the original 7th c. abbey.
Heiu probably died at Healaugh on March 12th in the later 7th century.
Recent Archaeology. In August, 2018, it was reported that an archaeological excavation was done prior to building new homes at Manor Park, Hart Village near the Hartlepool church. Between 50 and 100 skeletons of adults and infants were discovered that date between 700-800 AD, likely of Christian origin.
Feast Day March 12
“In Tadcaster’s Monastery, O Abbess Hieu, thou didst shine with the virtues of asceticism and humility. Pray that we also may follow the example of thy great teacher, the Hierarch Aidan, and live lives of spiritual struggle that our souls may be saved.” – troparion of Saint Hieu (from Saints online)
Sometimes like Heiu we are moved to places that we did not desire much less ask for. In those times we trust that the Spirit is watching out for our best and needs us to serve in another place. Or perhaps the Spirit is letting us know that our body, mind, and soul must take a rest that often we are just too busy and too harried to even notice that we needed. We may know why on this side of the thin veil why we were moved or sidelined for awhile, until we crossover and have a clear and unfiltered view of our life.
British History Online. Hartlepool.
British History Online. The Priory at Healaugh Park.
Daniels, R. ‘The Development of Medieval Hartlepool: Excavations at Church Close, 1984-1985.” Archaeological Journal, 147:1; p. 337-410.
Eckenstein, Lena. Women Under Monasticism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1972.
English Heritage. Healaugh Priory.
Foot, Sarah. Monastic Life in Anglo-Saxon England, c. 600-900. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Ford, David Nash. Hieu in Early British Kingdoms.
“Hartlepool” by John Blair in The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Anglo-Saxon England. ed. by Michael Lapidge, John Blair, Simon Keynes, and Donald Scragg. Oxford, UK: Blackwell, 2001.
Monks of Ramsgate. “Hieu.”,” 1921.
Parbury, Kathleen. Women of Grace. Boston: Oriel Press, 1985.
Per Einar Odden. Heiu of Hartlepool. (in Norwegian).
Tees Archaeology. An Anglo-Saxon Monastery at Hartlepool.
___________. Angl0-Saxon Teeside, Archaeological Booklet. No. 1
Teeside Live. Scores of skeletons found on site where new houses are to be built. August 8, 2018.
Webber, Chris. “Burial Evidence at Hartlepool Archaeology Dig” in The Northern Echo, July 30, 2013.